absorbent adj : having power or capacity or tendency to absorb or soak up (liquids); "as absorbent as a sponge" [syn: absorptive] [ant: nonabsorbent] n : a material having capacity or tendency to absorb another substance [syn: absorbent material]
EtymologyLatin absorbens, past preterite of absorbere.
- Anything which absorbs.
- The ocean, itself a bad absorbent of heat. — Charles Darwin
- In the context of "medicine": Any substance which absorbs and neutralizes acid fluid in the stomach and bowels, as magnesia, chalk, etc.; also a substance, e.g., iodine, which acts on the absorbent vessels so as to reduce enlarged and indurated parts.
- In the context of "physiology|pluralized": The vessels by which the processes of absorption are carried on, as the lymphatics in animals, the extremities of the roots in plants.
Absorption may refer to:
Chemistry and biology
Physics and mechanical engineering
- Absorption (electromagnetic radiation), absorption of light or other electromagnetic radiation by a material
- Absorption (acoustics), absorption of sound waves by a material
- Dielectric absorption, a determination of how electrically permitive a material is
- Absorption refrigerator, a refrigerator that runs on surplus heat rather than electricity
- Absorption air conditioning, a type of solar air conditioning
Mathematics and economics
absorbent in Catalan: Absorció
absorbent in Czech: Absorpce
absorbent in German: Absorption
absorbent in Spanish: Absorción
absorbent in French: Absorption
absorbent in Galician: Absorción
absorbent in Japanese: 吸収
absorbent in Norwegian Nynorsk: Absorpsjon
absorbent in Polish: Absorpcja
absorbent in Portuguese: Absorção
absorbent in Romanian: Absorbţie
absorbent in Slovak: Absorpcia
absorbent in Finnish: Absorptio
absorbent in Tagalog: Absorsyon